So far, only 44 countries (approximately) have adopted specific legisla-tion to address domestic violence. The incidence of violence and abuse happens to be a common trend where in many instances, women fall victim to men’s abusive behaviour and actions. • Monograph No. A domestic violence study carried out by the Papua New Guinea Law Reform Commission found that 71% of the women interviewed considered alcohol abuse as a major cause of marital problems. ever-partnered women having experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner (ibid.). Family problems such as divorce, domestic violence and death of a parent have a highly negative effect on the student’s attendance at school. “Domestic violence damages the prospects for economic and social development of every country, not just the lives of the victims” (CAFRA). VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN 1 in 3 women have experienced physical/sexual violence at some point in their lives. less than 40% of women who experienced violence sought help of any sort. One of the major challenges is to end impunity for perpetrators. recognize domestic violence as a crime. MARRIAGI, AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN RURAL PAPUA NEW GUINEA the results of a national rural survey. Domestic Violence and Poverty 19 DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN URBAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA mainly based on results of surveys. Some of the most significant factors are barriers to employment. • Occasional Paper No. For many women in Papua New Guinea (PNG), violence and abuse are part of their daily lives. Of those who had been beaten by their spouse, 26% related the incident to alcohol.7 In urban areas, one in six women interviewed needed treatment for injuries caused by their husbands. domestic violence, including lack of affordable housing and lack of accessibility to legal assistance. Of those, less than 10% sought help from the police. Each country survey asked men about violence throughout their lives and included modules on child exposure to and witnessing of violence and experiences and perpetration of violence against women in adulthood. A recent study found that approximately 70% of domestic violence victims did not disclose the abuse to their TANF caseworkers[10]. Domestic and sexual violence are reported to be the cause of many homicides occurring in PNG. In such cases, students lack concern, love and parental control and become more inclined to show aimless attitudes such as absenteeism and school dropout. Studies in both developing and developed countries indicate that between 20 and 67 percent of women globally experience violence in relationships.1 Domestic violence, No cause of domestic violence, however, justifies the actions of the abuser, nor should it be used as a rationale for their behavior. 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